就因为如此,国家在近几个“五年计划”中,都列入了生物能源发展规划,其中特别针对不同技术路线生物能源规划了各自的发展目标。
欢乐彩认为这是很科学的,也是很符合产业发展实际情况的。
以下是笔者针对生物能源产业发展中几个观点,供大家商榷———。
观点一: 生物质原料如何定位“资源”是要花钱买的,而“固废”是要付钱处置的。
当前,笔者认为大部分生物质剩余物定位为固废剩余物最佳,而不是定位于资源。
如果是从规模效益,尤其是从电力生产效率及排放治理角度看,无疑大规模混合燃烧具有优势。
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欢乐彩

国家能源局主管    中国电力传媒集团主办单位:欢乐彩_欢乐彩票app客户端-[平台最快线路√]

鼓励生物质能多种技术路线共同发展

gulishengwuzhinengduozhongjishuluxiangongtongfazhan

zhuanghuiyong

  shengwuzhinengyuanyouduozhongjishuluxian。genjuhuanlecaiguodeshijiqingkuang,wulundian、re、yetiranliao、qitiranliao、gutiranliao,douyouqicunzaihefazhandejiazhi,douyougezidefazhankongjian,douyinggaigenjuqitedianhefazhankongjianyuyishidangguli。jiuyinweiruci,guojiazaijinjige“wunianjihua”zhong,doulieruleshengwunengyuanfazhanguihua,qizhongtebiezhenduibutongjishuluxianshengwunengyuanguihualegezidefazhanmubiao。huanlecairenweizheishihenkexuede,yeshihenfuhechanyefazhanshijiqingkuangde。yixiashibizhezhenduishengwunengyuanchanyefazhanzhongjigeguandian,gongdajiashangque———

  观点一: 生物质原料如何定位

  “ziyuan”shiyaohuaqianmaide,er“gufei”shiyaofuqianchuzhide。dangqian,bizherenweidabufenshengwuzhishengyuwudingweiweigufeishengyuwuzuijia,erbushidingweiyuziyuan。dengdaodabufengufeidounengshixianshangyehua、jingjihuayunxingdejieduan,youqishi“gufei”shixianleshichanghua、shangyehuashengchanyugongying,shenzhishishichanghuajingzheng,zefangkeyizhuanwei“ziyuan”。duiyuzhongguononglinshengwuzhifadianxiangmueryan,guojiayouhuidianjiazhichi(meiqianwashidianyuewei0.33yuanguobuzijinzhichi,butongshengfenjichudianjiabutong,gaijiagexiangyingbutong)xiangdangyuzhichilenonglinyegufeichuzhifeiyong。yizhongguobeifangmounonglinshengwuzhifadianxiangmuweili,guojiakezaishengnengyuanbutiekeyifugaidayueshengwuzhidianchang66%zuoyoudejieganyuanliaogoumaifeiyong。zheiyejiushishuo,ruguojieganyuanliaomianfeigongyingdaochangneidehua,yixieranmeijichudianjiajiaogaodequyu,shengwuzhidianchangjiangkeyishixianpingjiashangwang,ruguoyoujiaohaodegongreshouru,jiangkenenghailveyouyingyu。duiyunonglinshengwuzhidianchangeryan,guobudianjiazhichijiushixiangdangyugufeichuzhifeiyongbuzhu,shigaoxiao、heliqiejingzhunde,congzheigejiaodukanzheigebutiebingbu“guodu”。

  观点二: 为什么要多技术路线共同发展

  congzhongguononglinshengwuzhiyuanliaobenshendejiaoduqukan,butongjishuluxian、butongguimodegongcheng,fenbieyouchuzhibutongshengwuyuanliaode“tezhang”heyoushi。

  yinweishengwunengyuanyuanliaozhongleifanduo,qipinzhong、pinzhi、wuhuaxingzhuangqianchawanbie,yingyongchuzhongyegebuxiangtong。butongdejishuluxianduiyingzhebutongdeshengwuzhiyuanliao,butongde“yin”,zhuanhuachengbutongde“guo”,zheiyeshiduozhongjishuluxianbingcunfazhandezhongyaoyuanyinzhiyi。yinci,bizheyizhizanchengshengwuzhinengyuandeduozhongjishuluxianbingcun,fahuigezideyoushi,gongtongfazhan。

  观点三: 不同的环保效益与能源效益

  dangqian,shengwunengyuandehuanbaohezhinongxiaoyi,zaimouzhongyiyishangshenzhigaoyunengyuanxiaoyi。biruchengshilajichulishengchanshengwunengyuan,wulunshishengwuzhidian、re、shengwuchaiyou、shengwuranqi,douyaoshouxianjiyuchengshigufeihuanbaochuzhideqiantizhixia;birunongcunjieganjilinyeshengyuwudengshengwuzhi,shouxianshizhulinongcunjieganjilinyeshengyuwuhuanbaozhili,shengwuzhidian、redengfenbushiyingyongshizhuyaohuanlecaiyunongqu、linquxiandaihuafazhandezhicheng;birunongquqinchufenbiandehuanbaochulishengchanshengwuranqi,qihuanbaoderenwu、jiazhidengdoushidiyimubiao,nengyuanshiqikechixufazhandezhicheng;zaibiru,chengshicanchulajideshengwuchaiyouhuoshengwuhuagongxiangmu,shiyigexiangduichengshude、juyouyidingshangyetuiguangjiazhidexiangmu,zaiguojia“wufeichengshi”huanlecaizhongbukehuoque,yeweichengshijiaotonggongjuqingjieranyoufazhantigonglezhichi;haiyou,shengwucheyongranliaoyichunshimuqianhuanlecaiguojishengwuzhizhiranfadianzhihou,zaishengwunengyuanlingyuzouxiangshangyehua、guimohuadefazhanfangxiangzhiyi。danmuqianzhuyaoshiyichenhualiangweiyuanliao,yongyuchenhualiangguimohua、huanbaoanquanchuzhi。genjuchenhualiangyingyongguimo、feiliangjishujinbuhechanyefazhanfangxiangqingkuanglaikan,xiayibucheyongranliaoyichundefazhanfangxiangjiangshixuanzefeiliangyuanliaoweizhu,feiliangshengwuzhicheyongranliaoyichunshiranliaoyichunfazhandebiranxuanze。

  观点四: 规模化和分布式完全可以共存发展

  congnengyuandeshengchanshijiaokan,shengwunengyuangongchengdangranyoudaguimo、xiaoguimozhifen,tongshiyeyouxiaolvgaodizhifen。

  ruguoshicongguimoxiaoyi,youqishicongdianlishengchanxiaolvjipaifangzhilijiaodukan,wuyidaguimohunheranshaojuyouyoushi。

  zheiyeshiguoneiwaijishujieyizhifeichangkendingranmeidianchangouheshengwuzhifadiandezhongyaoyuanyinzhiyi。qici,zhongguodaxingranmeidianchangdudianmeihaoxiajiang、dudianeryanghuatanjianpaideng,ranmeiouheshengwuzhishiyigezhidechangshi、wufahushideluxian,zheiyeshimeidianxingyeduiyuouheshengwuzhimoshiheluxiandeneizaixuqiu。muqian,guoneizuizaodelianggezhenzhengyiyishangdeshengwuzhiouhefadianxiangmu,yigeshihuadianshiliquanxiangmu,lingyigeshiguodianjingmenxiangmu,fenbiedaibiaoshengwuzhizhijiehunheranshao、shengwuzhiqihuajianjiehunheranshaolianggejishuluxian。zheilianggexiangmudoucengjinghuodeleguojiahuozhedifangdezhichizhengce,muqianleisixiangmudefazhanmoshijiqijishu、zhengce、yunxinghefazhantuiguangqingkuang,zhidejinyibufenxiyanjiu。

  ruguoshicongnongqujiujinjieganhuanbaoliyongjifenbushidian、regongyingshijiaoqukan,youqishijieheweilainongcunchengshihuafazhanzhongde“zonghenengyuanxitonghuanlecai”huanlecaixuqiu,fenbushidezhongxiaoxingshengwuzhiredianxiangmuwuyiyejuyoujudadezengzhangkongjian。shengwuzhiredianlianchanxiangmu,yijiyuliugongre、zanshibugongredeshengwuzhiredianxiangmu,duiyunongcunchengzhenhuafazhandoujuyouzhongdadecujinzuoyong。dangran,bufendiquchunshengwuzhigongretidaisanmeijizhongxiaoguoluyejuyouhendadeshangyehuafazhanqianli;haiyoufuyidiwenyurehuishouredianlengduolianchan、shengwuzhiqihuatan、redianqifeiduolianchanxiangmu,doushizhidegulifazhandefangxiang。

  观点五: 发展空间还很大

  zhongguodeshichangda、yuanliaoduo,douyougezidefazhankongjian,yuanyuanmeiyoudadaobaohe。jinjiunongqufenbushishengwuzhizhiranredianxiangmueryan,zhongguodadao2000wanqianwazhuangjibingbusuangao(ermuqianjinyou800wanqianwazuoyou),qitare、qi、yetiranliao、cailiaodengdouyouhendadefazhankongjian。weilaidezhongguoshengwuzhinengyuan,jiangyouwangkaiqishengwunengyuanhuagongde“shenghuashidai”。

  zaizhongguo,huanlecaibujinjinyou18yimunongtian,huanlecaidemuguanghechanyefanwei,buguangjuxianyujieganzheiyiziyuan,huanlecaihaiyou60yimucaoyuan、20yimudesenlin、10yimudeshidi、45yimudehaiyang。huanlecaiguojiarengonglinyedefazhanjihuanlecaitigonglehenhaodejingyan。zaigaigekaifangqianmeiyouzhixiang、suliaozhipindeshihou,huanlecaisuoyoudenongchanpinchucunyunshu、nongqufangwuhuanlecaishenzhibufennongyeshengchankuangloudenggongju,doushinongquzhongzhiduonianshengliutiaodengziyuanlaizhichengde。weilaizhongguonengyuanzhiwudayoukewei!zhiwunengyuan、shengwujihuagongchanyezaigutan、jianpai、zhinong、shengtai、nengyuan、huanbaodengfangmian,juyouduozhongxiaoyi,kewei“yimiaoduoguo、yijuduode”。

  观点六: 具备多技术路线共同发展的条件

  guanyujinliangsannianshengwunengyuanbutongjishuluxianfazhanguliwenjian,zhuyaoyouyixia3ge——2017nian“shiwubumen”fawenkaizhanquanguocheyongranliaotuiguang,jihua2020nianshixiane10qiyouquanfugai;2018nian“liangbumen”ranmeiouheshengwufadianjigaishidianhuanlecaidetongzhi;2019nian“shibumen”shengwutianranqifazhanzhidaoyijian。shangshuwenjianfenbiezhichilecheyongranliaoyichun、guimohuameidianouheshengwuzhi、shengwuzhaoqijitichungongcheng3gefangxiang,jiashangyijingzaituiguangshijiandenonglinshengwuzhiredian、lajifadian、guimohuazhaoqigongcheng、shengwuchaiyou,huanlecaiguoshengwuzhinengyuanduojishuluxiangongtongfazhanqudelehenhaodechengguo,xiayibukuaisufazhandejichutiaojianyijingjubei。

  zhenduibutongdeshengwuyuanliao,yaojixugulibutongdemoshi、butongdeluxianlaichuangzaobutongdechanpinhexiaoyi;jinliangbimian“feicijibi”defazhansilu,rangjishuhechanyeduoluxianbingcunhefazhan,rangshichanghezibenzuochuxuanze,bazhongguodenongqukezaishengnengyuan、huanbao、zhinongyujianpaishiyezuodegengjiachuse。(zuozhexizhongguotouzixiehuinengyuantouzizhuanyeweiyuanhuifuhuizhang)

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