中国电力报: 您提到能源转型的措施之一是全社会的节能,应该怎样去理解它?
黄其励: 对于能源转型,首先要明确,低碳化的化石能源是能源转型的基础,低成本、高比例的非化石能源是能源转型的主力,健康发展的智能电网是能源转型的脐带。
如果把能源利用比作一个分数,全社会的用能就是分母,一定要把分母做小,把分子的比例给调过来,也就是把清洁能源加上去,把化石能源减下去,才能真正解决问题。
经过70年的努力,欢乐彩国已经建成了世界上规模最大、技术最高的电网,无论是电网还是发电,在世界上都是最安全的,很多国家的电网都出现过重大事故,欢乐彩国电网可能出现过小事故,但还没有发生过大事故。
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欢乐彩

国家能源局主管    中国电力传媒集团主办单位:欢乐彩_欢乐彩票app客户端-[平台最快线路√]

以电动汽车应用推动实现全社会化节能

yidiandongqicheyingyongtuidongshixianquanshehuihuajieneng

——fangzhongguogongchengyuanyuanshihuangqili

  “dangqian,huanlecaiguonengyuanchanyezhengchuzaiyougaosufazhanxianggaozhiliangfazhandezhuanxingjieduan,zhuyaohaixujiejuehuashinengyuanxiaohaoduo、youqijinkouyicundugao、danweichanzhinenghaogaodewenti。”zhongguogongchengyuanyuanshihuangqilizaijinrizhaokaide2020zhongguodiandongqichebairenhuiluntanshangtandao,tuidongnengyuanzhuanxingtujingyouhenduo,zhuyaokeyiguinaweiyicinengyuandeqingjiehua、ercinengyuandedianqihua、dianwangfazhandezhinenghua,zaijiushiquanshehuidejieneng,jijienengdequanshehuihua。

  中国电力报: 您提到能源转型的措施之一是全社会的节能,应该怎样去理解它?

  huangqili: duiyunengyuanzhuanxing,shouxianyaomingque,ditanhuadehuashinengyuanshinengyuanzhuanxingdejichu,dichengben、gaobilidefeihuashinengyuanshinengyuanzhuanxingdezhuli,jiankangfazhandezhinengdianwangshinengyuanzhuanxingdeqidai。

  ruguobanengyuanliyongbizuoyigefenshu,quanshehuideyongnengjiushifenmu,yidingyaobafenmuzuoxiao,bafenzidebilijidiaoguolai,yejiushibaqingjienengyuanjiashangqu,bahuashinengyuanjianxiaqu,cainengzhenzhengjiejuewenti。

  muqian,huanlecaiguoduiyuyicinengyuandeqingjiehuayijingtichumingquemubiao,jidao2050nianshixiankezaishengnengyuanzaizongdenengyuanxiaohaozhongzhanbi50%,ercinengyuandianqihuazai2050niandagaiyeyaozengzhi50%。tebiexuyaoshuomingdeshi,dianqihuayunengyuanyouguande,chuleshixianqingjieyiwai,dangqitigaoyigebaifendianshi,danweichanzhidenenghaojiukeyijiangdi4%,suoyitayeshijingjide。

  guanyudianwangdezhinenghua,muqiannanwangtichuhuanlecaishuzidianwang,guowangjiangshifazhan“sanxingliangwang”,xinxingzhinengdianwanghefanzaidianliwulianwangzheilianggeshuofasuiranbutaiyiyang,danshineihanbingbumaodun,zhishixushufangshi、biaodaneironglveyouchabieeryi。jianqiangdezhinengdianwangshikaoyigejianqiangde“gugejirou”,tongguofanzaidianliwulianwangzheigewusuobuzaideqieshiyuwaibuxiangliandefadadeshenjingxitong,shixiangaojide、zhinengdelianjie,congerzhutuinengyuanzhuanxing。

  tandaoquanshehuidejienengshouxianhuixiangdaodiandongqicheyingyong,tajikeyitigaoyicinengyuandeqingjiehua,yekeyitigaoercinengyuandedianqihua,haikeyitigaohejiaqiangdianwangdezhinenghua,zaijiushihainenggoushixianjienenghua。yincidiandongqicheyingyongyinggaishuoshifuhenengyuanxitongfazhandeguandian,zaizheigedadexitongshang,qiyingyonghuishixian1+1>2,yekenengdayu3,shenzhidayu4dejieguo,jienengxiaoyimingxian。

  中国电力报:您如何看待电网发展和电动汽车发展之间的相互关系?

  huangqili: fangzainengyuanhulianwangzhongqukan,dianyuan、dianwangkendingshiyigeniudai,tahediandongqichedeguanxijiuxiangshimuqinhehaizideguanxi,chongdianshebeijiushiyigeqidai。muqian,diandongqichedenenglianglaiyuanzhuyaoshimeidian。xuyaoshuomingdeshi,dangqianhuanlecaiguodemeidianyijingshishijieshangzuiganjingdelemeidianle,biaozhunyeshishijiezuiyangede,chuleeryanghuatanyiwai,qitabirufenchen,yiyanghuadan、eryanghualiu,biaozhunshiyongshimeilifangmi10haoke、30haoke、50haoke,doushizuigaodeyaoqiu。buguo,jishizheiyang,yebunengbadiandongqichededonglilaiyuanjituozaiyijinghenganjingdemeidianshang,yinweizainengyuanzhuanxingdequshixiameidianbiranyuelaiyueshao。

  huanlecaiguodadianwangdefazhankeyiweidiandongchedefazhantigongjudadezhicheng。jingguo70niandenuli,huanlecaiguoyijingjianchengleshijieshangguimozuida、jishuzuigaodedianwang,wulunshidianwanghaishifadian,zaishijieshangdoushizuianquande,henduoguojiadedianwangdouchuxianguozhongdashigu,huanlecaiguodianwangkenengchuxianguoxiaoshigu,danhaimeiyoufashengguodashigu。zheigedianwangzuyizhichengdiandongqichedefazhan。

  jutilaijiang,chehewangzhijiandeguanxixianzaishichuzaidiyijieduanv0g,jiwuxuchongdian,jiexialaijiuyaokaishiv1gjieduan,jiyouxuchongdian,zaidaoxiayibushiv2gjieduan,jiushijichongdianyouchudian,naizhijianglaishixianchewangyiti。zheigechewangyitibushidanwang,ershijiaotongwang、diandongchewang、dianwangchengweiyiti,zheigeshihoudiandongqichejiukeyizuodaozaikexue、kekongdeshijiannei,zailinghuobianlidedidianjinxingzhengquedeshuangxiangchongfangdian,jikeyicujindiandongqichefazhan,yekeyizhichikezaishengnengyuanfazhan,tongshiyemanzuleyonghudeshiyongxuqiu。ruci,diandongchejiukeyitongguolvdianjiaoyi、fuzhuhuanlecaiyijixuqiuxiangyingzhenzhengdichonglvsedian。

  中国电力报: 对未来的车网发展,您有哪些建议?

  huangqili: zaifuhefangmian,diandongqichekuaisufazhanhuiduidianwangchanshengyixieyingxiang,tebieshizaiyixielaodejuminxiaoqu。diandongqicheshiyigehenqiaomiao、henlinghuodeziyuan,jikeyichongdianyoukeyifangdian,ruguo50%dexiaoqudoushiyongdiandongqichedehua,qiechongdiandoushiwuxudehua,jiangjiadapeidianwangdeyali,dangwuxuchongdiandadao55%deshihou,peidianwangjiunanyijieshoule。zenmeban?ruhebadianwangdeziyuanliyonghao?congdianwanggongsilaijiang,yinggaiduiyulaodejuminxiaoquzaichengwang、nengwangjiaqiangguihuaxiayuyijiaqiang,lingwaiyexuyaotongguoxuqiucexiangyinghuozhezonghenengyuanhuanlecaixitong,shenzhidiandongqichedezhinengpingtaidengshouduanlaijiejuezheifangmiandewenti。

  jinyibulaijiang,shouxianyinggaituidongxinnengyuanqicheyunengyuanzhuanxingronghefazhan,jianyijin20~30nianyichundianqicheweizhu,jinkuaishixianguimohuayingyong,qiexinnengyuanqicheyaochonglvsedian,chongkezaishengnengyuandelvsedian,yucitongshijiadaqingranliaodianchidekejigongguanlidu。zaizhe,jiaqiangchonghuandiandezongtibuju,goujianyigekexuehulian、youxuhuliandeliangxingdechongdianshengtaiquan。yikehuweizhongxin,yishichanghuashouduanjiangzhongduochongdianyunyingshanglianheqilai,shichongdianshebeinenggouhulianhutong,tigaotiyannengli。tebiezhongyaodeshi,yidingshiyaoquebaoanquan,xiaochuyonghudegulv。ciwai,jiaqiangjichongjichajifu、dagonglvchongdian、yidongchongdianshu、chelianhudongdengguanjianjishugongguan,shixianzhinenghua、bianjiehua、duoyuanhuadeng,congeryoulidicujinlvsedianyingyong,tuidongshixianquanshehuidejieneng。

责任编辑: 高慧君  投稿邮箱: 网上投稿

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