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俄罗斯如何应对全球天然气市场竞争

调机制 欢乐彩施 拓市场

——俄罗斯应对全球天然气市场竞争情况分析

zhongdianchuanmeinengyuanqingbaoyanjiuzhongxin yangyongming/yi

  suizheyehuatianranqimaoyidefazhan,quanqiutianranqishichangdejingzhengzhujianjiaju。zuoweishijieshangzuidadetianranqigongyingguo,eluositianranqichukoufangshiyanzhongyilaiguandao,yehuatianranqimaoyidepengbofazhanjiadaleeluosifazhanyehuatianranqichanyedejinpogan。

  weilebaochixianyoushichangdiwei,eluosibixutongguodiaozhengtianranqidingjiajizhi、fazhanchukoujichusheshi、kaituoxindeguojishichangdengcuoshi,yiyingduishichangjingzhengdailaidetiaozhan。

  全球天然气市场前景

  rujin,quanqiutianranqixuqiuzhengzaikuaisuzengzhang,zheizhuyaodeyiyutianranqixiangbimeitandengqitahuashiranliaoduihuanjingdeyingxianggengjiayouhao。genjuguojinengyuanshu(iea)2040niannengyuanzhanwangdejizhunyuceqingjing(ieazhanwangzhongzhuyaoyousanzhongyuceqingjing: dangqianzhengceqingjing,jigeguonengyuanzhengcebaochixianzhuangbubian;xinzhengceqingjing,jigeguoyizhidingdezhengce、chengnuohejihuajibendedaoguanche;kechixufazhanqingjing,jishixian《balixieding》qihoumubiaosuoxuyaodadaodeqingjing。qizhong,xinzhengceqingjingweiieazhanwangzhongdejizhunyuceqingjing———yizhezhu),zhanwangqinei,tianranqijiangchengweishijieshangzengzhangzuikuaidehuashiranliao,nianxiaofeizengzhanglvyuewei1.6%。yataidiqujiangchengweitianranqixiaofeizengzhangdeyinqing。dao2040nian,quanqiutianranqixiaofeiliangjiangzai2017nianjichushangzengjia44%,yataidiqujiangzhandaoxuqiuzengliangde49%。muqian,oumengshishijieshangzuidadetianranqijinkoudiqu,2017nianzhanjinkouxuqiuzongliangde73%。zaiieabutongdeyuceqingjingxia,2040nianouzhoudiqutianranqixiaofeiliangjiangzai2017nianjichushangzuiduokezengjia98yilifangmi,zuishaokejiangdi163yilifangmi。qizhong,zaiieadexinzhengceqingjinghedangqianzhengceqingjingxia,youyuouzhoudiqutianranqichanliangdafuxiajiang,qijinkouxuqiujiangzengjia670yi~1820yilifangmi,zheijiuweiqitadiqutianranqigongyingshangtianbushichangkongquetigongledaliangjihui。

  eluosinengyuanburenwei,suizhequanqiuzaiqihouheshengtaiyalixiaduiqingjienengyuanxuqiuriyizengzhang,eluosijiyoukenengzaiquanqiutianranqishichangzengjiazhanbi,youqishizaiquanqiuyehuatianranqishichangzengjiazhanbi。dao2035nian,eluosizaiquanqiushichangdeyehuatianranqigongyingliangjiangzengzhi1yi~1.2yidun,shiqi2018niangongyingliangde5~6bei。

  俄罗斯天然气的欧洲市场

  ouzhoushieluositianranqidezhuyaochukoushichang。2018nianoumengjinkoudetianranqizhong,laizieluosidetianranqizhanbichaoguo44%,qizhongeluosiguandaotianranqizhanoumengjinkouzongliangde43%,lingwai,eluosiyamaerdiqudeyehuatianranqiyekaishixiangouzhougongying。laiziguojiyehuatianranqijinkouguolianmengzuzhi(giignl)deshujuxianshi,2018nianeluosixiangouzhoushichanggongyingyehuatianranqi440wandun,tongnianmeiguoduiouzhoushichangdeyehuatianranqigongyingliangwei240wandun。

  zuoweiyehuatianranqizhuyaodexiaofeidiqu,yataidiquheouzhoudiqudouyouyiyufazhantianranqigongshujichusheshi。ruguoshuoyazhoukuojianyehuatianranqijieshouzhongduanzhuyaoshiweilemanzuriyizengzhangdexiaofeixuqiu,neimeoumengzegengduodishiweiletongguogongyingshangzhijiandejingzhenglaiquebaozishendenengyuananquan,dantongshi,weiquebaoyixiexiangmudeyinglinenglihaixuyaotigongewaidezhichi。laizioumengtianranqiyunshuxitongyunyingshang(entsog)deshujuxianshi,muqianoumengguojiatianranqijinkounengliyueweimeinian7120yilifangmi,qizhongzaiqihuazhongduandezongchulinengli,genjugiignldeshuju,chaoguo1.56yidun(yue2150yilifangmiqitaitianranqi)。2018nianoumengtianranqijinkousheshidepingjunshiyonglvlvegaoyu50%,erqizhongyehuatianranqijinkousheshipingjunshiyonglvjinwei26%,zaitianranqixiaofeigaofengqizhuyaodejinkoutianranqishusongguandaoshiyonglvkedadao80%yishang。

  欧洲天然气进口设施需扩建

  jinguanxianyougongshunenglishangyouyingyu,danshiouzhoutianranqijinkoujichusheshiyujihaijiangdafukuojian。dao2020nian,suizheeluosi“beixi2”he“tuerqixi”shuqiguandaoxiangmujiancheng,yijinangaojiasuoshuqiguandaoxiangmukuojian,ouzhoutianranqijinkounenglizengzhangjiangchaoguo1000yilifangmi/nian;dao2026nian,ouzhouyehuatianranqizhongduanjieshounenglijiangzengjia30%(yue700yilifangmi)。ieazhichu,zaikemanzuouzhoubuduanzengzhangdetianranqixuqiudesuoyoubeiyongjinkounenglizhong,zuizhuyaodehaishilaizieluosideguandaotianranqiheyehuatianranqi,yujiweilailiangzhezhijiandejingzhengjiangjiaju。muqianyixianxianchuyidingjixiang。laizishichanghejianguandeyaliposhieluositianranqigongyegufengongsi(gazprom)genjuoumengtianranqishichangziyouhuayaoqiugenggaigongqihetongdejiagehetiaojian。gazpromzaiyuoumengmaijiaqiandinghetongdejiagegongshizhongzhenghelexianhuojiagezhishu,bingquxiaolemudeditiaokuandexianzhi。cong2015niankaishi,congeluosixiangdeguobianjinggongyingguandaotianranqidehetongjiagejihuyijingyuxianhuojiageyizhi。

  eluosizuidadedulitianranqishengchanshangnuowataikegongsi(novatek)xiangouzhouxiaoshouyehuatianranqidezhangqihetongzhong,jiagegongshiyijingyuxibeioutianranqijiaoyizhongxindetianranqijiageguagou,yushiyou、shiyouchanpinjiagezhishuhe/huozheixiezhishudezuheguagou。

  ruguopaichuzhengzhiyinsu,yibianfazhanyehuatianranqijichusheshi,yibianzhiliyuxiaochuouzhoushuqiguanwangxitongneibudebileihexianzhi,neimeouzhoudetianranqigongyingwentizekeyizhuanhuachengyigebijiaoxiangduichengbendepingmianwenti,jikaolvnagegongyingshangxiangouzhoudaluxiaofeizhegongyingtianranqidetiaojianzuiweiyouhui,zheiyangkaoliang,eluosiyouyidingdejingzhengjihui。

  全球液化天然气市场

  jianyuyehuatianranqideliudongxing,yehuatianranqishichangbenshenjiushiyigequanqiuxingdeshichang。chukoushangqingxiangyujiangyehuatianranqixiaowangzuiyoulirundeshichang。deyiyuzheiyangdelinghuoxing,2018nianquanqiuyehuatianranqixianhuoheduanqimaoyizhanbiyizengzhi32%(zhuyaoshilaizieluosihemeiguodeyehuatianranqigongyingzengzhang,guojidazongshangpinmaoyishangjijijinruyehuatianranqishichang),jinguantongnianyehuatianranqizhongzhangqihetongqixianyiyousuozengzhang。eluosizhangqigongyinghetongzhuyaoshicongsahalindaogongying920wandun/nian、congyamaerxiangdaxiyangfangxianggongying1490wandun/niandeyehuatianranqi。chukoushangtongchangzaidiliweizhixiangjin、yunshuchengbenjiaodideshichanggengyoujingzhengli,yegengyuanyijiangyehuatianranqixiangzheiyangdeshichangxiaoshou。yinci,eluosiyehuatianranqijinruouzhouheyazhoushichanggengjuyoushi,xiangbijiaoeryan,aodaliyadeyehuatianranqizezhuyaomianxiangyazhoushichang。

  chukoushangdelingyigenulifangxiangshijiangditianranqiyehuachengben。yinovatekweili,novatekjihuazaiqiweilaidebeijiyehuatianranqi2haoxiangmu (gaixiangmudiyitiaoshengchanxianjiangyu2022~2023niantouyun)zhongjiangzheiyichengbencong4.1meiyuan/baiwanyingredanweijiangzhi2.5meiyuan/baiwanyingredanwei。

  weilejiangdishichangjingzhengjiajuqingkuangxiaxiangoumengshichanggongyingjianshaodefengxian,gazpromcaiqucuoshicijitianranqixuqiuzengzhang,bingxunqiuzengjiatianranqigongyingdelingyu,baokuozaideguohuanlecailngjiazhuzhongduan、fazhancngjiaqixitong,tongguojiawancuihualiejiedengfangshishengchanheyingyongqingqi、jiawan—qingqihunhewudeng。

  (文章来源:欢乐彩_欢乐彩票app客户端-[平台最快线路√]

责任编辑: 赵雅君  投稿邮箱: 网上投稿

 

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